The main goals and tasks, approaches and principles, stages and mechanisms of reforming of the Russian grid complex are set out in the Government Order of the Russian Federation № 526 as at 11 July 2001 “On electric power industry reforming in the Russian Federation”, counting the subsequent changes in its regulatory and legal framework, and the tasks of reforming are set out in the 5+5 Strategy Concept of JSC of RAO UES of Russia for 2005-2008.
Reforming process involves JSC RAO UES of Russia joint-stock company of power industry and electrification, its affiliated and dependent companies, municipal power enterprises and other organisations that own electric networks and offer services on electric power transfer and distribution, particularly reforming of the federal, state unitary enterprises of atomic engineering.
Transformation of the existing federal (Russian national) electric energy (capacity) wholesale market to the high-grade competitive electric power wholesale market and formation of the effective electric power retail markets providing reliable power supply of consumers will become one of the main results of the electric power industry reforming.
Main goals of the grid branch reforming are:
Thus the reform primary goals are the following:
Russian JSC RAO UES of Russia will aim to achieve the specified reform goals, taking into account:
According to the legislation on electric power industry and 5+5 Branch Reforming Strategy, Russian grid complex along with objects of dispatching is a natural monopole kind of activity and is the basis of the future electric power market infrastructure.
The reforming increases and organises state control over electric power industry infrastructure - electric power transfer through transmission networks, functions and assets of the operational and dispatching management. At the same time (within the limits of market development) modernisation of energy accounting and control systems is being performed. All this contributes to increase in the power supply system controllability and reliability of power supply.
Market creation will raise investment appeal of the network infrastructure. Development of the network complex will create additional possibilities for electric power transfer and increase their volume. This will expand the sales area the electric power trade including export and import transactions and will make it more complicated.
Division of the former monopoly into separate companies by kinds of their activity will allow to consolidate management of isolated assets. This may be achieved through creation of operating companies instead of the holding ones. Similar re-structuring will raise controllability of new entities of the branch, simplify realisation of the uniform strategy, allow to consolidate and involve considerable amount of external financial resources.
The main goals and tasks of the grid complex:
To speed up development of electric network and attract investments for this purpose private building of transmission lines is made possible according to the order and terms set out in the Russian legislation.